The plastic reprocessing infrastructure in the UK has been growing a lot, and many companies have been specializing in recycling to meet the demand for waste generated in the European Union.
This follows the EU's decision to prevent member countries from exporting hazardous and difficult-to-recycle plastic waste (known as Y48) to nations that are not part of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This includes all mixed polymers, except PP, PE and PET. As a result, EU exports to some of the largest plastic scrap importing countries in South and Southeast Asia are officially banned. This is a considerably tougher position than the one currently adopted by the UK government, which as of January 1, 2021, required operators to request prior consent to send certain plastics to non-OECD countries.
According to the new rules, only recyclable and “clean” plastic waste can be exported from European Union countries to non-OECD countries. There are also new and more stringent measures to be applied to exports of plastic waste from the EU to OECD countries and to movements within the EU itself.
Basically, based on these changes, the fate of recycled plastics in the countries of the European Union will be monitored to prevent waste accumulated in nature.
Only some types of plastic that do not enter into this agreement and that can be easily recycled at local plants.
Even with these measures, the increase in bureaucracy between the countries that receive the plastic, can already be noticed. On certain occasions, it takes up to three months to update notifications, delaying the process of recycling this material. This method is also undermining confidence and stability with the fear that new shipments may be reversed in transit or rejected by the authorities in the country of destination, with the cost of sharing the waste falling on the exporter.
Low-cost exports to Asia and Southeast Asia have historically meant that much of this material that could be recycled at UK facilities ended up being shipped worldwide.
Closing access to these markets and increasing regulation could, however, make the UK more attractive to EU recycling and waste management companies looking for sustainable markets for plastics from waste streams, including small appliances.
There are also fears that stocks of plastic waste are starting to build up. The surplus of this material can be harmful to the economy and the environment.
As an island nation, the United Kingdom has developed the most respected export and logistics capacity in the world. Companies like Enva can now take advantage of this experience to reduce the risk of material moving from the EU to the UK.
This fully managed service can include the production of all necessary notifications and export paperwork. In fact, Enva had already used its experience to establish a series of pre-notified export routes before the changes.
This has enabled customers to benefit from a stable and consistent material removal solution that realizes the commercial and environmental value of the waste they produce.