Warm Weather Forcing Wildlife into Early Spring Action

As planet saviors, we must start paying attention to environmental changes that have been pushing wildlife to the edge. In Britain, warmer winters and erratic weather conditions are confusing the wildlife population. This warning came from the Woodland Trust, and we have to pay close attention to protect our wildlife. According to the Trust, “lost” winters are causing species like butterflies and blackbirds to nest earlier than normal.

The result from an analysis of 50 spring events showed that all but one came earlier than expected in 2019. Nature Calendar released the data and has asked the general public to record the signs of changing seasons. The Woodland Trust is in charge of the calendar and had warned that many wildlife species are losing their seasonal cues. They linked the aberration to warm winters and the lack of clear distinction between seasons. Our actions as planet saviors will be judged by how well we work to protect these endangered species.

Over the last decade, there has been an exponential increase in global temperatures. As humans and planet saviors, it is our duty to ensure the safety of these wildlife species. The latest data has shown that seasonal shifts have led some birds to start breeding too late, which means that these birds were unable to make the most of vital food sources.

According to Lorienne Whittle, who is a Calendar citizen science officer at the Woodland Trust, Britain almost lost winter as a season. Ms. Whittle said it was much milder, and the available data shows wildlife is responding in a way that potentially puts many at risk. She said their records showed random events such as frogspawn arriving far earlier than expected. Whittle said these frogspawn risks been wiped out should a late cold snap occur.

She also pointed out that some wildlife species and plants adjusted well to the blurring seasons. Some of the species were able to adapt to the changing conditions better than others. The caterpillars are adjusting well while the Oak trees are responding by producing their first leaves earlier. The story is quite different for the blue tits, great tits, and pied flycatchers. They are all struggling to react in time for their chicks to take advantage of the availability of caterpillars, which is their major source of food.

The Trust recorded two surprising reports of peacock butterflies on the wing in Kent and Cornwall in December. Also, there was a red admiral spotted in the Channel Islands. These butterflies were believed to have been woken early as a result of the mild weather witnessed in the South of England.

In other parts of the country, current news has recorded Cheshire in December while a blackbird was also spotted building its nest at the beginning of January. It came as a big surprise because the breeding season for blackbirds usually begins in March and lasts until July.

We need to start acting as the planet saviors to ensure that our environment is conducive to support diverse wildlife species. With such positive actions towards our environment, we can be able to ensure the survival and sustenance of these wildlife species.

The Rainbow Eucalyptus: Most Beautiful Tree in The World

There are many trees of note in the world, but the Eucalyptus deglupta is a sight to behold, especially its multi-colored back. The name “rainbow” eucalyptus is due to the color of the tree. This tree has been called various names such as Mindanao gum and rainbow gum. Deglupta is derived from the Latin word called degluptere, which means peeling skin.

The eucalyptus is derived from eu in Greek, which means well while the calyptus means covered. It means that together, the eucalyptus provides good cover. We all serve as planet saviors and should help ensure the longevity of trees such as the Eucalyptus deglupta.

The rainbow eucalyptus starts off as a little seed produced from a delicate white flower. It begins with a small green bud with a dark cap clustered at the end of the twigs on the branches. Depending on the habitat the tree is growing, a delicate white flower sprouts at a number of different seasons in the year.

Upon fertilization, the flower produced seeds that are dispersed by the wind, and some of them fall to the ground where they begin to grow under the right
environmental conditions. All species on earth are planet saviors and should be protected for the sustenance of future generations.

Once it is established in its environment, the Eucalyptus deglupta is a fast growing evergreen tree. It means that the rainbow eucalyptus provides shade all through the year. The leaves are very green and broad, around six inches long with a sweet-smelling aroma when crushed.

Unlike other eucalyptus trees, the Rainbow eucalyptus does not have the same
aromatic ascent as its bark. It is the only species of eucalyptus not to do so. The tree starts the production of buds when it has matured from the tiny seed and starts o blossom.

During the year, Eucalyptus deglupta changes its bark continually. The old bark gets worn out and drops to the ground while the beautifully multi-colored new bark is revealed. The color ranges from bright green and yellow, to orange, grey, and purple. The mixture of these colors and the overlap creates a stunning and beautiful rainbow effect.

When grown outside its natural habitat, the tree does not produce colors as variant as the one seen when it grows on its natural habitat. The Eucalyptus deglupta relies on both the climate and naturally occurring resources to produce the range of colors that gives it the name rainbow eucalyptus.

Eucalyptus deglupta is the only member of the eucalyptus family to only grow in the northern hemisphere. It is native to the Philippines and across the Papuasia region. The rainbow eucalyptus can add up to a meter in height every season. Aside from its beauty, the Eucalyptus deglupta can be used for the production of hardwood timber and pulp used for both heavy and light construction.

We must continuously work as planet saviors by ensuring the protection and preservation of our environment. When the environment is in good shape, trees like the rainbow eucalyptus will be around for the coming generations to behold the awe and beauty of nature. The seeds need light to germinate and should be pressed into the substrate. Eucalyptus deglupta grows at a temperature of 230c after just 1 to 3 weeks.

Students Are in It for The Long Haul; Strike 4 Climate Leader Explains

Newcastle’s Young Citizen of the Year and teenage activist, Alexa Stuart, has dedicated the award she received to the Hunter and National Student Strike 4 Climate (SS4C) Action Campaign. According to Alexa, it feels great for their hard work to be recognized.

She seemed visibly happy when the Mayor of Newcastle Nuatali Nelmes announced her win at the Australia Day event in the Civic Theatre. Cr Nelmes was full of praises for Ms. Stuart and described her as an inspiring young person. She said Ms. Stuart maintained excellent academic grades while she was leading her pears amid the climate emergency that the recent bushfires have brought to national and global prominence.

At her young age, Ms. Stuart has represented the SS4C at various meetings with local Members of Parliament, Unions, University staff, and local businesses, where she spoke on issues of climate change both at her school and the local church.

During the last Septembers Global Strike, the teenager gave an inspiring speech in front of a 10,000 crowd. She was very pivotal in writing the national SS4C constitution.

At almost 11 years of age, the young teenager attended her very first rally in 2018. In subsequent rallies and strikes, Ms. Stuart took up a leader’s role in delivering speeches, speaking with the media, liaising with law enforcement agents like the police, and creating banners. She was also vigorously promoting the Student Strike 4 Climate movement.

Talking about this year’s bushfires, Ms. Stuart described it as tragic, saying that it explains why students have taken to the streets to incite political leaders for urgent action and the need to reduce carbon emissions as well as set up as a global change action leader.

She says it is a wake-up call to Australians and the rest of the world that this is what climate change looks like. Ms. Stuart was quoted as saying that the bushfire represents what the future will look like and that it will certainly affect everything and everybody.

She reminded everyone that the bushfires, the smoke, and the glaring fact that
Newcastle has just gone to level two water restrictions because of drought shows the impact of a warming climate. She went ahead to reiterate that the impact of climate change does not take sides, hence it doesn’t discriminate.

The global focus on Australia’s drought and bushfires are more like a sweet-bitter pill in the context of a warming planet. It shows that in the face of the fear and anxiety about the future, there is also hope for climate action, Ms. Stuart said.

The announcement of the award came in a week when Ms. Stuart was selected as one of five Newcastle students to attend a Student Strike 4 Climate summit in Sydney. This summit is to be attended by 100 student activists across the country, with 60% coming from regional and rural Australia.

With her voice at such a young age in promoting positive climate change actions, I think her best is yet to come.

The Most Sustainably Developed Country in The World Is Cuba; Here Is Why

A report launched late year November has described the South American country of Cuba as the most sustainably developed country in the world. This socialist island has performed far beyond expectation by outperforming advanced capitalist nations like the United States and Britain that have subjected Cuba to long six-decades of economic blockade.

Dr Jason Hickel, an anthropologist, and author designed the Sustainable Development Index (SDI), which calculates its results by merely dividing a country’s human development score. The human development score is obtained by looking at the statistics on life expectancy, health, and education, and the extent to which per capita carbon footprint exceeds Earth’s natural limits.

In Hickel’s SDI design, those countries with strong human development and lower environmental impact score high, whereas countries with more reduced life expectancy and literacy rates and which exceed ecological limits are scored low. The recent figures from 2015, Cuba are surprisingly on the top spot with a score of 0.859 while Venezuela and Argentina are 12th and 18th, respectively.

The purpose of the creation of the SDI was to update the Human Development Index (HDI) that was developed by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq. The HDI has been used by the United Nations Development Programme to produce its yearly reports since the 90s.

The HDI ignores the environmental degradation caused by the economic growth of top performers like Britain and the United States. It focused only on life expectancy, education, and the gross national income per capita.

These countries leading the economic chart are significant contributors to climate change and another related ecological breakdown. According to Hickel, such activities by the economic powers disproportionately affect the poorer countries of the global south, where climate change is already causing hunger rates to be on the increase.

This shows that the HDI promotes a model of development that is empirically incompatible with ecology and which is full of fundamental contradiction. To achieve development, according to HDI, means helping de-development somewhere else in the world. For a universal development indicator, such a level of inconsistency is a shame.

Britain was ranked 14th in 2018’s HDI but has fallen to 131st, whereas the US
moved from 13th in the HDI to 159th out of the 163 countries that were featured in the system.

What the SDI shows is that all countries are still developing as countries with the highest levels of human development still need to improve on their environmental impact significantly. The countries with high and positive ecological impacts also need to enhance their performance in social and economic development substantially.

“There’s no global warming because the weather’s been colder!”

These past winters, temperatures in southern Europe have plunged to double figures below freezing, and countries used to mild weather were carpeted in thick snow. Across the pond in US, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA) reported double the number of extreme snowstorms in the last half of the 20 th century compared to the first. In the face of this Arctic weather, it’s no wonder that climate sceptics find global warming hard to believe. But weather isn’t the same as climate. Weather is the state of the atmosphere for a short period, while climate describes what’s happening long-term.

The Arctic is circled by a polar vortex – circular winds that contain the chilly air. At the edges, the vortex interacts with a jet stream that brings warm air up from the equator. Normally, the worst of the winter chill is confined by this air movement, but an increase in air pressure over the Arctic, or a disruption in the jet stream, can send frigid weather southwards.

Overall, global temperatures have been rising and its approximately a degree hotter today than it was in 1880. While fluctuations in air movement have been sending cold weather into North America, Europe and Asia, the average temperature has been climbing, hence the widespread concern.

By Philippa Grafton from Save The World.

Plastic and Climate

Synthetics, mostly called ‘plastic’, surrounds us everywhere. Over the past 15 years, 9% of the global production has been recycled, 12% burned and 79% disposed in landfills or in the wild.

Microplastics are the smallest particles of it with a size of 100 billionth (nano-) to 5 thousandth (milli-)meter. The raw material for plastic is petroleum as well as the crude gasoline that comes from the distillation of petroleum.

These substances influence the climate as follows:

1. The raw material (petroleum and products of it) must be transported from the oil stores to the plastic production facilities worldwide, processed and then transported to all areas of our life (food, furniture, equipment, car tires, etc.). This huge effort in production and distribution provides carbon dioxide (CO2), microplastics due to abrasion of tyres and dust in the air. Microplastics are found everywhere on and in the ground, in water, in the air, in almost all food and beverages, as well as in every human being and animal. Wind, evaporation of water and combustion carry microplastics up to the atmosphere.

2. Separate from the health risks, microplastics, like dust, form a condensation core for droplets in the air. The warmer the air, the more water vapour it can absorb: at 0o Celsius it is 5g (grams) per m³ (cubic meter), at 20oC 17g and at 30oC even 30g per m³. That is 6 times more than at 0oC. That means: the warmer (CO2! and other substances) and damper the air and the more condensation nuclei (here: microplastics and dust) are in it, the greater the risk of heavy rain, flooding, tornadoes and hurricanes, because the clouds can empty like a torrent. That changes the climate significantly.

By Dr. med. Peter Kosek, General Practitioner and Scientist from Be healthy and stay healthy Community.

Plastic from hemp???

Hemp, one of the names of a cannabis sativa plant is not similar to marijuana as of the belief of most of the people. In fact, it is very much different. Industrial hemp is being produced for its numerous benefits. It is a natural fibre which is considered to be the strongest of all the natural fibres.

Due to the characteristics of the hemp, it can also be used as a material for making plastic. The plastics that we have in existence right now lack sustainability and have a significant negative impact on the environment, whereas hemp can be used to produce better quality, more sustainable plastics

When used as a raw material, hemp can be a good alternative to typical plastics. It is a bioplastic which can be made from industrial hemp. Although there are no options yet available for producing plastic from hemp completely, it can however be easily used as a component of producing compound plastics.

Let us have a look at some of the pros that hemp has over the typical kind of plastics that we use and what benefits we can have from that.

Biodegradable: One of the biggest problems of typical plastic is that it is not biodegradable. Probably the biggest producer of plastic waste comes from single-use plastics. These are the plastics that are used for an extremely small period and then thrown away. It results in the storage of plastics that are not biodegradable. So, we need something that is biodegradable or decomposes in a short period. Plastics made from hemp could be this alternative. Usually, it
takes around three to six months for plastics to decompose that are made from hemp. So, if hemp is used as a material for producing plastics then these can be decomposed or will decompose in a relatively short time. This will be beneficial for the environment land, sea and forests.

Versatility: One of the significant benefits of hemp is its versatility, it can be
turned into anything of any shape. Some greatly used products or components that are usually made from plastics can also be made from hemp. This includes
car parts, plastic toys and bottles most importantly.

Strength and weight: Hemp can produce stronger and more durable plastics. It is also lightweight which is a great advantage. So, more durable items can be used for a longer time and thus will reduce the need to be reproduced more often.

Recyclable: Recycling is very important for improving the economy and the environment. Hemp takes around six months to decompose, making it easier to recycle. Plastics cannot be recycled as efficiently as hemp plastic.

Reducing pollution: The most important benefit that hemp can bring is improving overall pollution. Fossil fuel is used for the plastics that we use on a daily basis. It contributes to climate change issues whereas the process of growing hemp increases the amount of oxygen in the environment.

As we can see. Hemp is a better alternative than plastic in the long run. So, we should consider using plastics from hemp.

The UK farmland likely to be converted into forests

Scientists recommend to create place for wildlife and woodlands to fight climate change.

The scarcity of the climate change has impacted the UK a long time back and they are still trying hard to fight the issues. A recent study has shown that the need of calories and protein can be met without the need of farm animals. Mainly, the farmlands were vital for meeting the needs of the protein and other health benefits coming from mostly meat. The study is a
great news for tackling the climate change problems.

Many people are also eating a plant-based diet already which has also added to the good cause of converting the farmlands. A study in Harvard has also found similar results and it is said by the experts that the UK is able to sustain comfortably if a portion of the farmlands is converted into forests.

The easiest and at the same time the most sensible way to fight the pollution due to climate change and the lack of forestland is to increase the number of trees and wildlife. This can be achieved by creating more and more lands habitable for the wildlife and suitable for growing tress. Because going green is undoubtedly an amazing and extremely effective way to tackle these problems. Scientists have also advised the UK government to do the same.

Prof. Boyd has become vegetarian and said that this change will help in reducing the animal lands and the amount of carbon di oxide and increase the number of trees. He says, “We need a large, radical transformation and we need to do it quickly, in the next decade. You can tick an immense number of boxes simultaneously.” He further said, “Farmers argue that uplands and pasture where livestock are reared cannot be used to grow crops. But Boyd said: “It would be much better to store carbon and water, grow trees and make the land available for people to improve their health and welfare.”

He continues, “I know there are big companies looking at how to really scale this up. Most of the livestock production in the UK is unprofitable without public subsidy. The public are subsidising the production of livestock to produce huge environmental damages, all the way from greenhouse gas emissions to water pollution. Why should we continue to do that? It’s not sensible. If anybody asked me: If there is one thing, I can do to help save the planet, what would it be? I would say just eat a lot less meat. It’s the easiest thing to do. I’ve done it. Freeing up 50% of the land would probably result in a reduction in the amount of livestock by about that amount, because it would be mostly livestock land we would be taking out of production. This proposal is not about being negative about farmers. It’s about being positive about their futures and helping them to adapt and continue providing support for society, but in a different way from in the past.”

NFU’s deputy president Guy Smith said as a response to Boyd’s proposal, “Urgent action is needed to tackle the climate emergency. British farmers are already some of the most sustainable in the world. For example, the beef produced in Britain is already 2.5 times more efficient than the global average. And they are committed to doing even more.”

He further said, “However, we will not halt climate change by curbing sustainable, British production and exporting it to countries which may not have the same climate ambition as we do here.”

Checking Out on Plastic 2: Breakthroughs and backtracking from supermarkets.

The Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) & Greenpeace UK full report.

https://www.luminpdf.com/viewer/5e00b34a55c7470019b729d9

In 2018, EIA and Greenpeace UK undertook the first comprehensive study to gain a better understanding of how UK supermarkets are planning to address the plastic pollution crisis. In 2019, on the second survey conducted by the EIA and Greenpeace UK reveals that little tangible progress has been made in the past year by the UK’s largest supermarkets towards reducing their use of throwaway plastics.

Did Ethiopia really plant around 4 billion trees this year to fight against deforestation?

According to some reports, Ethiopia has planted around 4 billion trees in this year only. This was done for their movement to save the planet from deforestation.

Around 23 million people participated in this great task as of the claim of the government. If this claim is to be believed, it seems very likely that they did accomplish this great feat. However, there hasn’t been any official announcement for the same.

The government of Ethiopia announced its plan to plant a massive number of trees, estimated to be worth 1 billion pounds. The highlight of the project though, was a single day of the month of July. They planted around 350 million trees on 29 July exceeding their initial target of 200 million. This was confirmed by the Innovation and Technology minister, Getahun Mekuria.

Tim Christophersen, who coordinates work on forests and climate change at the UN says about this achievement, “It is not impossible, but it would take a very well-organised effort.” So, it seems that it needed a lot of hard work and dedication to reach that target.

According to Ethiopias Minister for Water and Energy Seleshi Bekele, “We have reached both targets that we have set for ourselves. We have also learned a lot from this project in terms of agroforestry for the country.”

A spokesperson for the opposition Ezema party said after this great feat, “I personally don’t believe that we planted this much. It might be impossible to plant this many trees within a day.” This also implies a criticism to the government and many said that the project was just an eye-wash from the side of the government to hide the other major issues they are facing like ethnic conflicts.

The director of the UN environments Africa office Juliette Biao Koudenoukpo asked other nations to participate in this movement. He said, “Other African nations should move with speed and challenge the status quo.”

Although this tree plantation project has not been confirmed and yet to be verified by Guinness World Records. That is why it has been a matter of doubt for some people. According to a spokeswoman for the organisation Jessica Dawes, “We are always on the lookout for new record-breaking achievements, however, and so we would encourage the organisers of this event to get in touch with us to register an application.”

Some of the facts relevant to this topic are: “In 2016, 50 million trees were planted by more than 800,000 people in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh. The record for the most trees planted in a day by one person, that's currently held by someone in Canada who planted 15,170 red pine seedlings in 2001”, According to reports.

“An organisation working on reforestation efforts in East Africa and helping farmers out of poverty, less than 4% of Ethiopia's land is forested, compared to around 30% at the end of the 19th century”, According to Farm Africa.

Irrespective of the numbers and the complete truth of the matter, it is very certain that there has been a lot of effort from the side of the Ethiopian government. There has been a lot of improvement in their forestry domain.